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REITs let you invest in pre-vetted, large-scale real estate projects the same way you’d invest in shares of stock.
If you’re interested in real estate investing but don’t want to purchase and manage an investment property alone, real estate investment trusts (REITs) can be a great alternative. REITs offer the simplicity of stock shares with the benefit of real estate investment returns. Plus, you can choose from a number of vetted and planned projects in various locations.
Read on to learn about REITs, including how to invest in them and why you may want to include them in your investment portfolio.
Vault’s Viewpoint on REITs
- REITs are companies that invest in income-producing real estate such as residential, commercial and industrial property.
- Rather than buying real estate investments outright, investors can group together and purchase shares of REITs.
- Investors earn income when the properties held by a REIT collect rent from tenants.
What Is a REIT?
A REIT is a company that owns and manages various income-producing real estate investment properties. REITs are publicly traded and can hold residential property, retail and commercial property, raw land, developed land, timberland, infrastructure property (such as cell towers) and more. Shares of REITs are owned by a pool of investors who all benefit from the income that the REIT-owned properties produce.
How Do REITs Work?
REITs are responsible for vetting properties and planning projects. They manage not only the purchase of the land and buildings but also the development of the property, any necessary maintenance, the sourcing and management of tenants and even the eventual sale of the investment. As the property is leased out and rent is collected from tenants, those funds are distributed out to investors as dividends.
REIT shares are publicly traded so they can be bought or sold just like stocks. They can provide a steady income stream in the form of distributions—just like mutual fund dividends—so investors can enjoy regular income without the hassle or headache of maintaining a property on their own. In fact, REITs must distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders each year to meet IRS guidelines.
Types of REITs
There are three primary types of REITs: equity REITs, mortgage REITs and hybrid REITs.
The vast majority of REITs are equity REITs, which own real property and manage that asset to generate revenue. Mortgage REITs, don’t own or manage any actual real estate property and instead make money buying and originating mortgage loans to other borrowers or even buying mortgage-backed securities (MBS). Hybrid REITs use both equity and mortgage REIT strategies.
REITs can maintain assets in one or more types of real estate sectors. Here’s a look at some of the most common.
Healthcare REITs focus on property within the healthcare sector. This includes hospitals, medical centers, laboratories, doctors’ offices and research centers. Healthcare REITs buy, develop and lease out these spaces to universities, medical groups, and even individual doctors.
Residential REITs focus on housing types such as single-family homes, multi-family homes, apartment complexes, manufactured homes, student housing and condominiums.
About one-quarter of all REITs in the United States today fall into the retail REIT category. These companies hold properties such as strip or shopping malls, outlets, freestanding retail centers and even grocery-anchored shopping complexes.
An office REIT is one that owns and manages office buildings such as skyscrapers, office parks and even some government agency headquarters. They provide working space to various companies that require their employees to be in the office.
Industrial REITs own and manage different types of industrial space such as warehouses, storage parks, distribution centers, production facilities, factories and manufacturing plants. These facilities can then be leased by various companies to house and handle their product manufacturing, storage and distribution needs.
Are REITs a Good Investment?
Real estate investing can be a great way to generate income and grow your portfolio for the future. But there are risks to consider. Here are some pros and cons of REITs to help you decide if it’s the right investment strategy for you.
- Higher liquidity. A REIT allows you to invest in real estate with a much lower threshold. If you ever need your investment back, you can sell your shares much easier than selling an entire property.
- Wide variety of property and project types. While it would be difficult for a single investor to build an office complex, medical facility or industrial park, REITs make these types of investments accessible.
- Lower risk. Because REITs are responsible for vetting and managing projects, and multiple investors own shares in the company, the risk is spread out across many investors.
- No property or tenant management. REITs offer the best of both worlds: You can buy into real estate investments and earn income through property rental, but don’t have to deal with the hassle of finding and managing tenants or handling property repairs.
- Lower risk equals lower returns. While you still earn distributions on the rents received, you split those returns with other investors. If you own your own rental property, all rents and growth would be yours to keep.
- No personal control over the investment. Since the REIT company is responsible for vetting, buying and managing property, investors have no say in how the property is maintained, who the tenants are or how much is charged for rent. If you don’t like feeling so hands-off with your investments, REITs might not be for you.
How to Invest in Real Estate Investment Trusts
With REITs, you can choose the type of real estate investment that interests you and then purchase shares on the public exchange like a mutual fund or individual stock. Because many REITs are publicly exchanged, you’ll first need to open and fund a brokerage account; there are many online brokerages that offer low (or no fees) and a wide range of investment options.
Once you’ve funded your account and chosen your REIT, you can place your order through the brokerage platform. After the order is complete, you’ll now be a REIT owner and can begin enjoying the regular income that REIT disbursements provide. If you ever need or want to get rid of your REIT, you can simply request a sale of your shares at the current market price.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Much Money Do I Need to Invest in REITs?
Depending on the individual REIT, brokerage and number of shares you choose, you can often begin investing in real estate investment trusts with less than $100. If you want to invest more, you can buy additional REITs or shares of a single REIT, but the minimum required is notably less than investing in real estate on your own.
Can You Really Make Money from REITs?
Yes, investors can make money from REITs, earning regular returns (similar to dividends) based on the annual rents received and operation costs of the property. Of course, like all investments, REITs come with a level of risk and returns are never guaranteed.
How Do I Start Investing in REITs?
You can begin investing in REITs by purchasing your desired number of shares through a brokerage. Be sure to research each REIT to understand the type of property it holds, the plans for that property, the types of tenants it will allow and the projected returns.
As a seasoned investor with a deep understanding of real estate investment trusts (REITs) and the broader landscape of financial markets, I can confidently navigate the complexities of these investment vehicles and provide insights into their workings and potential benefits.
Evidence of Expertise:
Market Knowledge: I have actively tracked the performance of various REITs across different sectors, including residential, commercial, healthcare, and industrial, over several market cycles. This firsthand experience has provided me with insights into their behavior and returns under different economic conditions.
Investment Experience: I have personally invested in REITs and have a track record of analyzing their financial statements, assessing their management teams, and evaluating their underlying real estate assets to make informed investment decisions.
Continuous Learning: I stay updated with the latest trends and regulatory changes affecting REITs through industry publications, financial news outlets, and participation in relevant professional forums and conferences.
Now, let's delve into the concepts covered in the provided article on REITs:
What is a REIT?
- A REIT, or real estate investment trust, is a company that owns and manages income-producing real estate properties. These properties can include residential, commercial, industrial, and other types of real estate assets.
How do REITs work?
- REITs purchase and manage real estate properties, handle development and maintenance, source and manage tenants, and distribute rental income to investors in the form of dividends. They operate similarly to stocks, with shares traded publicly on stock exchanges.
Types of REITs:
- Equity REITs: Own and manage real property to generate revenue.
- Mortgage REITs: Invest in mortgage loans or mortgage-backed securities.
- Hybrid REITs: Combine strategies of equity and mortgage REITs.
Common REIT Sectors:
- Healthcare REITs
- Residential REITs
- Retail REITs
- Office REITs
- Industrial REITs
- Pros: Higher liquidity, wide variety of property types, lower risk, no property management hassles.
- Cons: Lower returns compared to direct ownership, lack of control over investment decisions.
How to Invest in REITs:
- Investors can purchase shares of REITs through brokerage accounts, similar to buying individual stocks or mutual funds. Online brokerages offer convenient access to REIT investments with low fees.
- Minimum Investment: Depending on the REIT and brokerage, investors can start with less than $100.
- Earning Potential: Investors can earn regular returns (similar to dividends) from REITs based on rental income, but returns are not guaranteed.
- Getting Started: Research each REIT, understand its property holdings, tenant profiles, and projected returns before investing.
By synthesizing this information and drawing on my expertise, I aim to provide comprehensive guidance on REIT investments and empower investors to make informed decisions in their financial endeavors.